Russian scientist Zhores Alferov, who won the Nobel physics prize for his work in semi-conductor and laser technologies, has died.
When Alferov took the prize in 2000, he was the first Russian to win the prestigious award since Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev was given the peace award in 1990.
The victory provided a boost for the post-Soviet Russian sciences. He was 88.
“Zhores Alferov died today,” his wife said in comments carried by Russian media.
The physicist was also a Communist deputy in the lower house of parliament.
Alferov was honoured for his pioneering work with technology now used in everything from satellites to mobile phones and bar-code scanners.
He shared the award with German-born Herbert Kroemer and Jack Kilby of the United States.