Florentin Pogba, the older brother of Manchester United star Paul, was attacked by angry Genclerbirligi team-mates after abruptly walking off the pitch on Sunday and leaving his side a man down, Turkish media reported.
Pogba was confronted in the changing room by several team-mates after his bizarre decision proved costly in a 1-0 league defeat at home to Antalyaspor.
According to the Dogan news agency and Fanatik sports daily, security officers and club officials had to intervene to usher Pogba to safety.
Following an argument with a team-mate, the defender removed his shirt and stormed off the pitch in the 88th minute with his team down a goal.
Genclerbirligi had already made their three substitutions at the time, forcing the home side to finish the match with just 10 men.
The loss means Genclerbirligi are almost certain to be relegated from the Turkish top flight with five points between them and safety and just two matches of the season remaining, which led to the angry reaction of his teammates.
Pogba, 27, signed an 18-month contract with the Ankara-based club in January after spending most of his career at Saint-Etienne.
While it is not uncommon for players to storm off the pitch, they usually do so for more severe incidents such as racial abuse and rarely because of disputes with teammates.
The club has yet to announce what disciplinary measures it intends to mete out to the star.